Matrimonial Disputes

How do we understand the impact of divorce upon children Wallerstein, Corbin and Lewis (1988, p. 197) state For divorce, as we have fully recognised, is not a single circumscribed event, but a multistage process of radically changing family relationships. This process begins in the failing marriage, sometimes many years prior to the marital breakdown, may include one or more separations within the marriage, and extend over years following the decisive separation and the legal divorce. They go...

References

An evaluation of secured by design housing within West Yorkshire. Home Office Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Police Research Series, Briefing Note 7 00. Audit Commission (1999). Safety in numbers Promoting community safety. London Audit Commission. Baker, K. et al. (1995). Violence prevention through informal socialisation An evaluation of the South Baltimore Youth Centre. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention, 4 (1), 61-85. Baldry, A.C. and Winkel, F.W. (2001). Early...

What Constitutes Capacity to Consent to Sexual Relationships

Precisely what constitutes capacity to consent to sexual activity is unclear in many jurisdictions, even though the definition of capacity is crucial in establishing a balance between a proper empowerment to exercise sexual rights and effective protection from abuse. Clearly, the higher the requirement for knowledge and understanding, the better protection from abuse but the more that people with a 'mental disorder' may be prevented from exercising their sexual rights. In most European...

Downward Departure

As befits the specific emphasis of this chapter, a particularly illustrative model for exploring the limitations imposed on prospects for Restorative Justice concerns the Guidelines' treatment of mental health issues, addressing both the offender and the victim of the offense. Tellingly, the Guidelines only consider mental health factors in the context of a departure from the applicable guideline range. Addressing offender mental health issues first, 'diminished capacity' provides an...

Psychological Functioning In People With Intellectual Disabilities Mental Illness And Dementia

The definitions of'intellectual disabilities' and 'mental illness' continue to be debated. For the moment there is agreement that intellectual disabilities should be defined as a developmental difficulty involving significant impairments of intellectual and social functioning adaptive behaviour. However there are debates about the degree to which all areas of social functioning need to be impaired (American Association on Mental Retardation, 1992 British Psychological Society, 2001). The term...

Bullying Harassment at Work and Stress

While there is no legal framework in place dealing specifically with bullying at work, we do have legislation that deals with sexual or racial harassment. Bullying at work can be linked to sexual or racial harassment, or indeed a person's disability, so the victim could claim under the Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Race Relation Act 1996 or Disability Discrimination Act 1995. There appears to be no reason why a victim of overwork, and thereby suffering from a stress-related illness as in the...

The Behaviour of a Liar

Researchers have examined a variety of different non-verbal behaviours, including gaze aversion (looking away from the conversation partner), smiling, illustrators (hand and arm movements that accompany speech and illustrate it), self-manipulations (touching or scratching body or face, playing with own hair, playing with objects), subtle movements of hands and fingers, speech rate, pauses in speech, speech latency (period between question being asked and answer being given), speech fillers...