Conjoint IPT for Depressed Patients with Marital Disputes IPTCM

It is well established that marital conflict, separation and divorce can precipitate or complicate depressive episodes (Rounsaville et al., 1979). Some clinicians have feared that individual psychotherapy for depressed patients in marital disputes can lead to premature rupture of marriages (Gurman & Kniskern, 1978). To test and address these concerns, Klerman and Weissman developed an IPT manual for conjoint therapy of depressed patients with marital disputes (Klerman & Weissman, 1993)....

Constructivist Therapies Theoretical Basis

There are several variants of constructivist therapy, many of them developed relatively recently, but all share the epistemological belief that individuals cannot directly experience reality and that instead they actively construct their worlds (Mahoney, 1988 Neimeyer, 1995 Neimeyer & Rood, 1997). The first such therapeutic approach to emerge, George Kelly's (1955) personal construct psychotherapy, was ahead of its time but is still the most well elaborated at the theoretical level. Its...

References

Personality disorder as a pathogenic factor in bereavement. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 172, 45-47. Allumbaugh, L. & Hoyt, W. (1999). Effectiveness of grief therapy A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46, 370-380. Barrett, C.J. (1978). Effectiveness of widows' support groups in facilitating change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 20-31. Bass, D.M., Bowman, K. & Noelke, L.S. (1991). The influence of care-giving and support...

Humanistic Therapies Theoretical Basis

As with constructivist therapies, humanistic therapies encompass a range of different approaches. However, as Elliott (2001, p. 38) indicates, they 'share a set of values, including grounding in immediate, lived human experiences fostering of agency and self-determination prizing of differences within and between people relationships based on authentic presence and pursuit of wholeness and growth throughout the life cycle.' The first major humanistic therapies to be developed were Carl Rogers'...

Theoretical Formulations

Current psychological formulations of GAD emphasise excessive worry as the core feature of the disorder and are concerned with understanding the nature of worry and the conditions under which it persists. A comprehensive overview of theory, treatment and research on worry can be found in Davey & Wells (2006). In this section we summarise the work of the most prominent theorists in the field. Borkovec and his colleagues have conducted extensive and influential research on the nature of worry...

Natural History And Longterm Outcome In Personality Disorder

Data on the natural history of personality disorders are skewed towards the most severe cases and most of these have been identified in psychiatric hospitals and forensic settings. Furthermore, most of the follow-up studies in this area are not really accounts of the natural history of these disorders, but are reports of long-term outcome after variable degrees of widely divergent interventions. Borderline and antisocial personality disorders have attracted particular attention because the...

Spider Phobia

Studies of recall and perceptual bias in spider phobia have been contradictory (Cameron, 1997). Disgust and fear evoked by spiders are largely independent of one another (Smits, Telch & Randall, 2002 Thorpe & Salkovskis, 1995) even though both decline with brief exposure (Smits, Telch & Randall, 2002 Thorpe & Salkovskis, 1997). Disgust as well as fear is, therefore, probably worthy of attention. Many people with spider phobia are also afraid, in the presence of spiders, of being...

Preface

There has never been a greater interest in evidence-based psychotherapies. Therapists more than ever wish to evaluate their clinical practice and develop their skills using such evidence in a self-reflective manner healthcare managers want the best supported practices for psychological therapies run in a cost-efficient way and our patients and clients themselves surely also want some reassurance that there may be some support for the practices that they may be subjected to at times when they...