Physical characteristics: Adult males are about 0.04 inches (1 millimeter) in length. They have three-segmented feet and seven-segmented antennae. The females are pale yellow and brown and resemble the larvae.
Geographic range: This species is known only from the state of Morelos, Mexico.
Habitat: This species parasitizes the corn leafhopper.
Diet: The larvae and adult females are parasites that live inside the bodies of corn leafhoppers. They feed on the body fluids of their hosts. Adult males are free-living and do not eat.
Behavior and reproduction: Nothing is known about the behavior or reproduction of this species.
Halictophagus naulti and people: The corn leafhopper is the most destructive pest for corn crops in Latin America. Halictophagus naulti parasitizes the corn leafhopper and may prove to be useful for controlling this pest.
Conservation status: This species is not listed as endangered or threatened. ■
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Carvalho, E. L., and M. Kogan. Order Strepsiptera. Immature Insects. Vol. 2, ed. by F. W. Stehr. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1994.
Halictophagus naulti parasitizes the corn leafhopper and may prove to be useful for controlling this pest. (Illustration by Bruce Worden. Reproduced by permission.)
Tavolacci, J., ed. Insects and Spiders of the World. Vol. 9: Stonefly-Velvet Worm. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2003.
Kathirithamby, J. "Review of the Order Strepsiptera." Systematic Entomology 14 (1989): 41-92.
Strepsiptera. http://www.strepsiptera.uni-rostock.de/e7strepsiptera.html (accessed on October 19, 2004).
Strepsiptera. Stylopids. http://www.ento.csiro.au/Ecowatch/Insects_ Invertebrates/strepsiptera.htm (accessed on October 19, 2004).
"Strepsiptera: Twisted-Wing Parasites." Tree of Life Web Project. http:// tolweb.org/tree?group=Strepsiptera&contgroup=Endopterygota (accessed on October 19, 2004).
SCORPIONFLIES AND HANGINGFLIES
Number of families: 9 families
Was this article helpful?