Habitat

The lingulides live in vertical burrows built within compact and stable sandy sediments under the influence of moderate water currents close to the bottom of the sea. The total length of the burrow is about ten times the length of the shell.

The distal bulb of the pedicle (footlike base of the organism) is firmly anchored into the substrate at the bottom of the burrow and is surrounded by a mass of sand and organic particles held together by sticky mucus.

The discinids live on hard substrates swept by currents under weak sedimentation. They occur singly or in clusters of many individuals attached to rocky surfaces or the shells of mollusks and brachiopods.

The craniids lack a pedicle; their ventral valves are cemented directly to hard substrates.

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