Physical Characteristics

Has large, well-developed pincer-like pedipalps, is uniformly covered with hard cephalic shield or carapace, and has prehensile tail armed with a stinging apparatus; usually attains lengths (including tail) of 5-7 in (12.7-17.8 cm) and weighs about 1.1 oz (35 g), but can reach length of 8 in (20.3 cm) and weight of 2 oz (57 g); pregnant females usually weigh over 1.4 oz (40 g) (considered one of the largest scorpions, but not among the heaviest). As adult, males and females act and look similar; however, males are usually narrower or smaller. Has exoskele-ton color of glossy dark blue or black, but some may be dark brown and occasionally even greenish; dark color acts as cam ouflage. Two pedipalp chela (pedipalps) have reddish brown color, and are very granular in texture. There are numerous, clearly visible sensory hairs on the pedipalps, metasoma (tail), and telson (stinger). Tail is long and made up of six segments, ending in large telson, which contains venom glands. Telson terminates in sharp curve, which serves as stinger, and is reddish brown in adults and yellowish in young. Telson of second instar is white, but soon becomes darker after each molt. Four-sectioned thorax contains pair of legs on each section, specifically on undersurface, making total of eight legs (four pairs). Behind fourth pair of legs are ventral comb-like structures known as pectines; males can be also distinguished from females by their longer pectines.

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