Sexes distinguished externally by differences in the gonopods (two-segmented in male, stouter and single-segmented in female) and swollen last legs of male. Females lay between 20 and 55 eggs in a brood cavity (seen in moss or sand, likely also in soil); mother stops feeding for 40-50 days while guarding brood. Brooding occurs in summer. Mother usually eats brood when disturbed. Lifespan may be three years or more.
CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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