Reproductive Biology

Reproduction is by budding and hermaphroditism. The developmental mechanism is planktotrophic. The maternal lophophore may actively collect sperm. The ovaries produce up to 31 oocytes, which are released into the coelomic cavity. Fertilization is internal. Eggs come into contact with sperm (either as aggregates or singly) in the coelomic cavity, and fertilization occurs at or near ovulation. Embryos are shed into the water and develop into planktonic cyphonautes larvae.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Nothing is known. ♦

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