Reproductive Biology

Mature males occur in two forms. Form I is the sexually active stage, distinguished by enlarged claws, hooks at the base of some of the walking legs, and hardened gonopods. Following the reproductive season, males molt and revert to smaller-clawed Form II. Females store sperm and extrude eggs several weeks to months after mating. Eggs are brooded 2-3 weeks; there are no free-swimming larval stages, and the hatchlings are recognizable as small crayfish. The young may stay with the mother for several weeks. There are typically two generations per year. Lifespan is 12-18 months in the wild.

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