Reproductive Biology

Hermaphroditic, but without complemental males. The long, extensible penis is inserted into the mantle cavity of adjacent individuals. Eggs brood within the mantle cavity and nauplii hatch from eggs. After several molts, larvae reach the cyprid stage. The cyprid attaches to the substrate using its antennae and begins metamorphosis; during this stage it can grow almost 0.039 in (1 mm) per day, attaining a length of 3.9 in (10 cm) within 113 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

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