Reproductive Biology

Breeding season generally runs from late spring through the summer or from late summer through mid-fall. The females store sperm and may produce several broods, although the males typically breed only once. The young become sexually mature in 1-2 years, with those hatched in the earlier breeding season maturing in one year, and those hatched in the second season in two years. According to research published in 2003, the second group is sensitive to light, which affects both development and reproduction. This study was the first to show the influence of photoperiods among diplopods.

Bristly millipede

Polyxenus lagurus

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