Resources

Books

Abbott, J., R. Williamson, and L. Maddock, eds. Cephalopod Neurobiology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Boyle, P. R., ed. Cephalopod Life Cycles. Vol. I, Species Accounts. London: Academic Press, 1983.

-. Cephalopod Life Cycles. Vol. II, Comparative Reviews.

London: Academic Press, 1987.

"Cephalopoda." In Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. Vol. 6A, Mollusca II, edited by F. W. Harrison and A. J. Kohn. New York: Wiley-Liss, Inc., 1997.

Clarke, M. R., ed. A Handbook for the Identification of Cephalopod Beaks. Oxford, U.K.: The Clarendon Press, 1986.

Gilbert, D. L., W. J. Adelman, and J. M. Arnold, eds. Squid as Experimental Animals. New York: Plenum Press, 1990.

Hanlon, R. T., and J. B. Messenger. Cephalopod Behaviour. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Kinne, O., ed. Diseases of Marine Animals, Vol. III, Cephalopoda through Urochordata. Hamburg, Germany: Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, 1990.

Mangold, K. Traité de Zoologie. Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie. Tome 5, fascicule 4, Céphalopodes. Paris: Masson et Cie, 1989.

Nesis, K N. Cephalopods of the World: Squids, Cuttlefishes,

Octopuses and Allies. English translation. Neptune City, NJ: T. F. H. Publications, 1987.

Okutani, T. Cuttlefish and Squids of the World in Color. Tokyo: National Cooperative Association of Squid Processors, 1995.

Saunders, W. B., and N. H. Landman, eds. Nautilus. The Biology and Paleobiology of a Living Fossil. New York: Plenum Press, 1987.

Ward, P. D. Natural History of Nautilus. London: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Periodicals

Clarke, M. R., ed. "The Role of Cephalopods in the World's Oceans." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London 351, no. 1343 (1996): 977-1112.

Roper, C. F. E., and M. Vecchione, eds. "The Gilbert L. Voss Memoral Issue: Systematics, Fisheries and Biology of Cephalopods." Bulletin of Marine Science 49, nos. 1-2 (1991): 1-670.

Sweeney, M. J., et al., eds. "'Larval' and Juvenile Cephalopods: A Manual for Their Identification." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 513 (1992): 1-282.

Voss, N. A., et al., eds. "Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 586 (1998): 1-599.

Organizations

Cephalopod International Advisory Council (CIAC). Dr. Michael Vecchione, President. NOAA/NMFS National Systematics Laboratory, National Museum of Natural History, MRC-153, Washington, DC 20013-7012.

Other

"Cephalopoda Cuvier, 1797." Tree of Life Web Project. 1996 (21 July 2003). <http://tolweb.org/tree/eukaryotes/animals /mollusca/cephalopoda/cephalopoda.html>.

"Cephalopods at the National Museum of Natural History." Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 28 Jan. 2002 (21 July 2003). <http://www.nmnh.si.edu/cephs/>.

CephBase. 18 July 2002 (21 July 2003). <http://www.cephbase .utmb.edu/>.

Fossil Coleoidea Page. 1998 (21 July 2003). <http://userpage.fu -berlin.de/palaeont/fossilcoleoidea/welcome.html>.

Michael Vecchione, PhD

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Phylum Phoronida Number of families 1

Thumbnail description

Sedentary, infaunal, benthic suspension-feeders with a vermiform (worm-like) body that bears a lophophore and is enclosed in a slender tube in which the animal moves freely and is anchored by an ampulla.

Photo: A golden phoronid (Phoronopsis califor-nica) in Madeira (Sao Pedro, southeast coast, about 100 ft [30 m] depth) showing the helicoidal shape of the lophophore. (Photo by Peter Wirtz. Reproduced by permission.)

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