Resources

Faulkes. African Mole-rats Ecology and Eusociality. Cambridge Cambridge University Press, 2000. Lacey, Eileen A., James L. Patton, and Guy N. Cameron, eds. Life Underground The Biology of Subterranean Rodents. Chicago University of Chicago Press, 2000. Sherman, Paul W., Jennifer U. M. Jarvis, and Richard D. Alexander, eds. The Biology of the Naked Mole-rat. Princeton Princeton University Press, 1991. Faulkes, Chris G., and N. C. Bennett. Family Values Group...

Pallass squirrel

Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas, 1779), Assam, India. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Red-bellied squirrel French Ecureuil a ventre rouge Spanish Ardilla de Pallas. Head and body length 7.8-10.2 in (200-260 mm), tail 6-7.6 in (160-195 mm) 11-16 oz (310-460 g). Very variable in color, Upper fur olive brown agouti, underside reddish (varying from maroon to creamy buff). From Bhutan and Assam in the east through Myanman to southern China, south to Indochina, Thailand, and Malaya. Also occurs on Taiwan,...

Blacktailed prairie dog

Arctomys ludoviciana (Ord, 1815), Upper Missouri River. Seven subspecies. French Chien de prairie, cynomys social German Schwarz-schwanz-Prariehund Spanish Perrito de la pradera. 14.0-15.7 in (35.5-39.8 cm) males 26.5-31.9 oz (750-905 g), females 24.3-28.9 oz (689-819 g). Brown or reddish brown, whitish below. In Canada, restricted to southern Saskatchewan. In the United States, exists from Montana east to eastern Nebraska and as far south as Mexico extirpated from Arizona. Prefers open, flat,...

Reproductive biology

In the central portion of the mountain beaver's range, males are in breeding condition from January through March, whereas most females are in estrus during mid-February. Only females two years or older breed and, after a 28- to 30-day gestation period, parturition occurs in the nest chamber from A young mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa) playing dead on the lawn of the Olympic Penninsula, Washington, USA. (Photo by Janis Burger. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.) A young mountain...

All other rats mice and relatives

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurognathi Family Muridae The 13 remaining subfamilies of Muridae are incredibly diverse ecologically, behaviorally, and morphologically The more than 213 species in the 13 remaining subfamilies of Muridae vary in size from small, mouse-sized animals to bamboo rats (Rhizomyinae), which can reach 8.8 lb (4 kg) in weight 47 genera approximately 213 species Habitats range from deserts to dense, tropical forests there are animals that specialize for...

Arctic ground squirrel

Arctomys parryii (Richardson, 1825), Hudson Bay, Canada. Seventeen subspecies. English Parka squirrel, Arctic souslik French Spermophile arctique German Arktisches Erdh rnchen Spanish Ardilla terrestre rtica. Females 13.7-16.7 in (34.8-42.5 cm), 17.8-35.6 oz (506-1,010 g). Males 14.8-17.1 in (37.7-43.5 cm), 26.1-36.2 oz (740-1,026 g). Head and shoulders cinnamon or tawny colored back is grayish or buffy brown with white spots. Melanis-tic forms that are completely black occur in high frequency...

Angoni vlei rat

Otomys angoniensis Wroughton, 1906, Malawi. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Vlei rats, whistling rats, karoo rats, groove-toothed rats. Medium-sized, stocky rodents head and body length 4.1-8.1 in (105-207 mm) tail 1.7-5.1 in (43-131 mm) weight 0.8-4.8 oz (25-138 g). Males and females are approximately the same size. The majority of this large amount of variation in size is distributed across regional populations. The blunt face and short ears give them an almost vole-like appearance. The fur is...

Feeding ecology and diet

Cephalophinae have diverse diets and notable feeding habits, preferring the leaves, shoots, and tender branches of A male blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola) drinks at a small stream. (Photo by Leonard Lee Rue III. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.) A male blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola) drinks at a small stream. (Photo by Leonard Lee Rue III. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.) The bush duiker (Sylvicapragrimmia) is also known as Grimm's duiker. (Photo by Kenneth W....

Rio Negro tucotuco

Ctenomys rionegrensis Langguth and Abella, 1970. No subspecies recognized. OTHER COMMON NAMES Spanish Tucu-tucu de Rio Negro. Head and body length 6-10 in (15-25 cm) weight 3.5-25 oz (100-700 g). Three pelage forms black brown grayish and dark-backed (brown grayish with a mid-dorsal black band). Occurs in a restricted area of southwestern Rio Negro Province, Uruguay, and in local populations east and west of Entre Rios Province, Argentina. Presumed colonial. Variable aggressive behavior....

Gerenuk

Gazella walleri (Brooke, 1879), Somalia. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Giraffe gazelle, gugufto, nanjaat, Waller's gazelle. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Gerenuks have a head and body length of 4.6-5.2 ft (140-160 cm), tail length of 8.7-13.8 in (22-35 cm), shoulder height of 3.0-3.3 ft (90-100 cm), and weight of 64-128 lb (29-58 kg). Males and females possess a similar shape, but males are more muscular so weigh more than females. They have long necks and long, slender legs, both which are their most...

Dorcas gazelle

Capra dorcas (Linnaeus, 1758), lower Egypt. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Gazelle dorcas. Dorcas gazelles have a head and body length of 3.0-3.6 ft (90-110 cm), tail length of 6-8 in (l5-20 cm), shoulder height of 1.8-2.1 ft (55-65 cm), and weight of 27-44 lb (12-20 kg). They are considered one of the smallest of the gazelles, but proportionately are the longest limbed. Their slender limbs contain splayed hooves. They can reach running speeds of 60 mph (95 kph) and can maintain steady speeds of 30...

Ground pangolin

Manis temminckii Smuts, 1832, northern Cape Province, South Africa. English Cape pangolin, South African pangolin, Temminck's ground pangolin, scaly anteater French Pangolin de Tem-minck Spanish Pangolin del cabo. Ground pangolins have a head and body length of 20-24 in (50-60 cm), a tail length of 14-20 in (35-50 cm), and a weight of 33.0-39.6 lb (15-18 kg). (Ground pangolins are similar in most respect to Chinese pangolins.) They do not have external ears, have scales on the tail (but do not...

Behavior

All species of flying squirrel are totally nocturnal. They display a variety of social systems. Giant flying squirrels are believed to be largely monogamous, occurring in pairs both in and outside the breeding season. Most species though are largely territorial, although this territoriality may breakdown in the temperate species outside of the breeding season, when large groups communally nest in winter dens. Home ranges of up to 12 acres (5 ha) have been reported in giant flying squirrels and...

Ra

Field Station of the Federal Fisheries S Research Institute O Dr. Konrad Lorenz Professor and Director, Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology Seewiesen Obb., Germany Sciences, Institute for Systematic and O Experimental Zoology N Cracow, Poland Dr. Walburga Moeller Nature Museum Hamburg, Germany Dr. Martin L hmann Federal Research Institute for the Breeding of Small Animals Celle, Germany Dr. Johannes L ttschwager Oberstudienrat (retired) Heidelberg, Germany Dr. Wolfgang Makatsch...

Gray squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788, Carolina. United States. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Eastern gray squirrel, migratory squirrel French Ecureil gris German Grauhornchen Spanish Ardilla gris. Head and body length 9.4-11.2 in (240-285 mm), tail 7.5-9.5 in (190-240 mm) weight 10.6-26 oz (300-720 g) sexes similar. Grizzled black to pale gray coat color mixed with reddish brown on feet, hips, and head, underpart white to pale gray. Eastern United States, with introductions to Montana, Oregon,...

Mammals IV

Abercrombie, PhD Wofford College Spartanburg, South Carolina Cleber J. R. Alho, PhD Departamento de Ecologia (retired) Universidade de Bras lia Bras lia, Brazil Universidad de la Rep blica Oriental Anders Angerbj rn, PhD Department of Zoology Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden William Arthur Atkins Atkins Research and Consulting Normal, Illinois Paul J. J. Bates, PhD Harrison Institute Sevenoaks, Kent United Kingdom Amy-Jane Beer, PhD Origin Natural Science York, United Kingdom...

Physical characteristics

Pangolins have a similar shape to armadillos and anteaters. The African species are more specialized in almost every way than the Asian species. Males are usually larger than females, often 10-50 or more heavier. Pangolins are somewhat poik-ilothermic that is, their body temperature directly varies with local temperature, with a low average body temperature of 89.9 F (32.2 C). These strange reptilian-looking animals are distinct from all other Old World mammals by their unique covering of horny...

Rufous sengi

Elephantulus rufescens (Peters, 1878), Ndi, Taita, Kenya. OTHER COMMON NAMES English East African long-nosed sengi French Rat a trompe rouge German Rotbraune Elefantenspitzmaus. Adult rufous sengis weigh 1.5-3.5 oz (41-98 g). The head and body length runs 8-11.5 in (202-290 mm), the tail about the same length. The fur is long and soft, the upper coat colored sandy brown, light gray or light orange, while the underparts are white or grayish. A patchwork of white spots and black streaks on the...

Mara

Dolichotis patagonum (Zimmermann, 1780), Puerto Deseado, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. English Patagonian hare, Patagonian cavy. Largest of the cavids with head and body length average 28.3 in (720 mm), tail short averaging 1.4 in (35 mm), and weight averages 26.4 lb (12 kg). Males tend to be larger than females. Highly adapted for fast running, appearing rabbit-like. Large body and head, hind legs are long and claws appear hoof-like the foot posture is digitigrade. The muzzle is broad and...

Significance to humans

Old World rats have a long history with humans. Some are seen as cuddly pets, like the spiny rats (genus Echimys), while others are considered pests that eat stored food and are indirectly responsible for killing millions of people by spreading the black plague, typhus, and other maladies. However, these pestilent creatures have become invaluable to humans the common lab rats and mice are descendents of the murines. These animals have been, and will continue to be, essential research animals,...

Mzab gundi

Ctenodactylus mzabi (Lataste, 1881), Ghardaia, northern Algeria. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Lataste's gundi French Goundi du Sahara German Langhaargundi. Head and body 6.7-9.5 in (17-24 cm) tail 1.4 in (3.5 cm) captive males averaged 6.05 oz (172 g), females 6.85 oz (194 g). Various shades of yellow, brown or buff ears round and flat tail bushy. Central Sahara Desert in Algeria, northern Niger, northwestern Chad, northeastern Mali, and southwestern Libya. Rock outcrops and mountains in desert...

Klipspringer

Antilope oreotragus (Zimmermann, 1783), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Eleven proposed subspecies. French Oreotrague German Klippspringer. Small, compact antelope with rounded hindquarters and blunt muzzle. Walks on tips of extended hooves. Length 32-39 in (82-100 cm) height 18-24 in (45-60 cm) weight 20-35 lb (9-16 kg). Fur is coarse, hollow, and tawny to gray in appearance. Underside and ear linings light gray to white. Horns straight and annulated in males, up to 6 in (15 cm) in length,...

Greater kudu

Tragelaphus strepsiceros (Pallas, 1766), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa or Namibia. French Grand koudou German Grosskudu. Body length males 76.7-96.4 in (195-245 cm), females 72.8-92.5 in (185-235 cm) shoulder height males 47.2-59 in (120-150 cm), females 47.2-55.1 in (120-140 cm) tail length males 13.7-21.6 in (35-55 cm), females same weight males 496-694.6 lb (225-315 kg), females 396.8-473.9 lb (180-215 kg). Sexual dimorphism is moderate, with females being are 5 shorter in length than...

African brushtailed porcupine

Atherura africana Gray, 1842, Sierra Leone. English West African brush-tailed porcupine. Slender, rat-like creature, with distinctive long tail (that is easily broken off), tipped with a tuft of bristles. (Similar features to Atherurus macrourus.) Weight is 2.2-8.8 lb (1-4 kg), head and body length is 14.4-23.6 in (36.5-60.0) cm, and tail length is 3.9-10.2 in (10-26 cm). Body is long and slender, but legs are wide and short. Body color varies from black to dark grayish brown on upper side and...

Arabian oryx

Antilope oryx (Pallas, 1777), Arabia. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Oryx d'Arabie German Arabischer spiessbock Spanish Orix de Arabia. Body length 5.3 ft (160 cm) shoulder height 2.7-3.4 ft (81-102 cm) tail 1.5-2 ft (45-60 cm) 143-165 lb (65-75 kg). Horns 1.6-2.2 ft (50-68 cm). Sandy pelage. Formerly, found in most of Arabian Peninsula, Sinai Peninsula, Israel, Jordan, and Iraq. Reintroduced to Oman, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel. Barren steppes, semideserts, and deserts prefers...

Golden hamster

Mesocricetus auratus (Waterhouse, 1839), Aleppo, Syria. English Syrian hamster Syrian golden hamster. Medium sized, about 6-7 in (15-18 cm) long, stubby white or pink tail is 1.2 cm (0.5 in) weight 3-4 oz (90-120 g), with females larger than males. Fur is light reddish brown to golden with white or cream-colored underparts domesticated animals have been bred for a wide variety of colors, patterns, and fur textures. Cheek pouches are very large, extending back behind the shoulders. Females have...

Pocket gophers

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurognathi Family Geomyidae Small- to medium-sized herbivores, characterized by a tube-shaped body, small eyes and ears, short tail, short but stout forelimbs, and small hindlimbs 5-14 in (13-36 cm) 0.13-3.1 lb (60-1,400 g) Meadows, prairies, woodlands, and deserts Conservation status Critically Endangered 2 species Endangered 1 species Vulnerable 2 species Lower Risk Near Threatened 10 species North, central, and northwestern North America North,...

Zenkers flying mouse

Idiurus zenkeri Matschie, 1894, Yaunde, southern Cameroon. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Dwarf flying mouse French Ecureuil volant de Zenker German Zenker Gleitbilch. With a head and body less than 3.9 in (10 cm) long, this is the smallest member of the family. Weight less than 0.5 oz (15 g). The body is buff-colored above, a gray-white below. The tail, 50 longer than the head and body, has an underside fringed with two rows of stiff hairs. Long, scraggly sparsely distributed hairs emerge from the...

Dwarf antelope

Neotragus batesi de Winton, 1903, Efulen, Bulu Country, Cameroon. Two recognized subspecies. English Bate's pygmy antelope, Bate's dwarf antelope, pygmy antelope French Antilope de Bates German Batesbockchen Spanish Antilope de Bates. Tiny, delicate antelope with large eyes, small, rounded ears, and short, pointed muzzle. Length 19-23 in (47-58 cm) height 7.5-11.5 in (19-29 cm) weight 4-10 lb (1.8-4.5 kg). Body is reddish to golden-brown, darker on back and head belly, throat, and chin and...

American pika

Ochotona princeps (Richardson, 1828), Rocky Mountains, Canada. Thirty-six subspecies. English Cony, whistling hare, rock rabbit. Moderate sized, with short ears and egg shaped body. Body is 6 to 8.5 in (162-216 mm). Buffy pelage it lacks the grayish collar and the white ventral pelage found on the only other North American pika (the collared pika). Found primarily at high elevations throughout the intermontane west of North America. Many of the 36 subspecies correspond to populations from...

Tibetan Sheep Argali Reproduction

Caprinae are primarily associated with hilly or mountainous terrain, except for the tundra-living muskox. The altitu-dinal range within which they occur is wide. Nubian ibex have been recorded on cliffs around the Dead Sea down to 1,150 ft (350 m) below sea level. Long-tailed goral in the Russian Far East and snow sheep in Siberia both occur on coastal cliffs at or near sea level. In the Himalaya, Karakoram mountains, and on the Tibetan Plateau, Siberian ibex have been recorded at elevations of...

Amazon bamboo rat

Echimys dactylinus (Desmarest, 1817), upper Amazon. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Singing rat Spanish Cocopitzu (Ecuador), pacamama (Peru). The head and body are 11.8 in (30 cm), with a tail measuring approximately 15.7 in (40 cm). Weight is 1.3-1.7 lb (600-750 g). Stocky in appearance with square muzzle. Head is grayish beige with darker stripe between ear and eye. Back and flanks are grayish with a rusty wash, grading to pure rusty orange on base of tail and thighs. Underfur is black, and belly,...

Harriss antelope squirrel

Spermophilus harrisii Audubon and Bachman, 1854, Santa Cruz county, Arizona, United States. Two subspecies. English Yuma antelope squirrel German Harris-Antilopen Zeisel. 9.0-9.7 in (22.9-24.6 cm), 4.3-5.3 oz (122-150 g). Brown to dark gray in winter, lighter in summer. White stripe along each side. No white under tail unlike the other Ammospermophilus sp. Southern Arizona, extreme southwest New Mexico, and northwest Mexico. Various open and sparsely vegetated desert habitats. Habitats include...

Alpine marmot

Mus marmota (Linnaeus, 1758), Swiss Alps. Six subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Marmotte des Alpes German Alpenmurmeltier Spanish Marmotta alpina. Males 26 in (67 cm) Males 5.1-12.6 lb (2.3-5.6 kg) females 5.2-11 lb (2.3-4.9 kg). Fur color varies among populations from gray to red and sometimes blond. A white bridge occurs on the nose. Swiss, Italian, and French Alps western Austria and southern Germany and Carpathian and Tatra Mountains. Has been introduced into French Pyrennes, eastern...

Paca

Agouti paca (Linnaeus, 1766), Cayenne, French Guiana. Currently, five subspecies are recognized. English Gibnut German Tieflandpaka Spanish Jochi pintado, sari, borugo, guartinaja, guagua, tinaja, tepezcuintle, guanta, guardatinajas, tuza real, conejo pintado, picuru, lapa. Head and body length 20-30.5 in (50-77.4 cm) tail 5-9 in (13-23 cm) weight 13-31 lb (6-14 kg). Head, back, and flanks either gray, brown, or reddish, depending on the subspecies. The fur is slick and shiny and there is no...

Chinese pangolin

Manis pentadactyla Linnaeus, 1758, Taiwan. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Pangolin de Chine Spanish Pangolin chino. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Chinese pangolins have a head and body length of 21-32 in (50-80 cm), a tail length of 10-16 in (26-40 cm), and a weight of 4-20 lb (2-9 kg). They have about 18 rows of overlapping scales. The yellow-brown scales are bony, up to 2 in (5 cm) across, and encompass all of the body (including the tail) except for its snout, cheeks, throat, inner limbs, and belly....

Japanese dormouse

Glirulus japonicus (Schinz, 1845), Japan. Head and body length 2.5-3.1 in (6.5-8 cm), tail 1.5-2.1 in (4-5.5 cm) weight 0.5-1.4 oz (14-40 g). Color is pale olive brown with a darker stripe along the spine. Arboreal and nocturnal. Known to hibernate in buildings and birdhouses. Seeds, fruits, insects, and bird eggs. An average of four young born in June-July after a month-long gestation. Classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known.

Nile lechwe

Antilope megaceros (Fitzinger, 1855), Sobat River, Bahr-el-Ghazal, Sudan. Monotypic. English Mrs. Gray's lechwe French Cobe leche du Nil German Nile litschi Spanish Lechwe de Nilo. Body length 4.5-5.5 ft (135-165 cm) shoulder height 2.6-3.5 ft (80-105 cm) tail 18-20 in (45-50 cm) 132-264 lb (60-120 kg) horns 18-35 in (45-87 cm) long. Males have chocolate brown coat with white shoulder patches females' coat is uniformly rufous in color. Most wild populations occur in the Sudd ecosystem of...

Evolution and systematics

The evolution and systematics of the Lagomorpha (pikas, rabbits, and hares) has a rich tradition of controversy, prompting one paleontologist to author a paper several decades ago entitled, What, if anything, is a rabbit The problem, however, is not defining the limits of what constitutes a lagomorph (expanding rabbit to include pikas and hares), but rather determining the position of lagomorphs within the mammals. Lagomorphs represent a well-defined grouping, and although they were originally...

Pocket mice kangaroo rats and kangaroo mice

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurograthi Family Heteromyidae Small to medium nocturnal, seed-eating rodents with external, fur-lined cheek pouches, bipedal locomotion in the kangaroo rats and mice and quadrupedal locomotion in pocket mice. Rudimentary social structure sandbathing cleans the hair and deposits scent for communication the medium and larger sized kangaroo rats communicate by footdrumming 1.7-14.6 in (42-370 mm) total length, weight 0.2-6.9 oz (5-195 g) Number of genera,...

Distribution

The ground-dwelling squirrels are widespread throughout North America, Africa, and Eurasia except for Southeast Asia. Ground squirrels have not invaded South America unlike tree squirrels. More than 70 of the world's ground-dwelling squirrels are endemic to North America, including two genera Cynomys and Ammospermophilus. Only one species, the arctic ground squirrel Spermophilus parryii, is found in North America and Asia. All except one of the 25 species of chipmunks (Tamias sibericus) are...

Cape dune molerat

Mus suillus (Schreber, 1782), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. OTHER COMMON NAMES German Kap-strandgraber. The largest bathyergid has well-developed forefeet whose digits two, three, and four bear well-developed claws. Upper incisors are grooved. Cinnamon color, base of hairs black, white head spot sometimes present. There is sexual dimorphism mean mass of males 31 oz (896 g), females 23.5 oz (670 g). Endemic to South Africa, predominately in the coastal regions of the southwestern Cape....

Hispid cotton rat

Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord, 1825, St. Johns River, Florida, United States. Tribe Sigmodontini. Spanish Rata de campo rata algodonera. Total length 8.8-14.4 in (224-365 mm), tail length 3.2-6.5 in (81-166 mm), hindfoot length 1.1-1.6 in (28-41 mm), ear length 0.6-0.9 in (16-24 mm). Weight 3.5-8.0 oz (100-225 g). Pelage is grizzled with blackish or dark brownish hairs. Under-parts are pale to dark grayish. Tail is dark. Female possesses five pairs of mammae however, females with six and four...

Organizations

The American Society of Mammalogists American Zoo and Aquarium Association 8403 Colesville Road, Suite 710 Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA. Phone (301) 562-0777 Fax (301) 562-0888 < http www.aza.org > Australian Conservation Foundation Inc. 340 Gore Street Fitzroy, Victoria 3065 Australia Phone (3) 9416 1166 < http www.acfonline.org.au> Australian Regional Association of Zoological Parks and PO Box 20 Mosman, NSW 2088 Australia Phone 61 (2) 9978-4797 Fax 61 (2) 9978-4761 < http...

Idaho ground squirrel

Spermophilus brunneus Howell, 1928, Adams County, New Meadows, Idaho. Two subspecies. 8.2-10.2 in (20.9-25.8 cm), 3.5-4.6 oz (99-131 g). Brown with small white spots. Legs, nose, and underneath of tail are rufous. Has prominent whitish eye ring. Endemic to west central Idaho, United States. HABITAT Northern population lives in xeric meadows at 3,800-5,100 ft (1,150-1,550 m) surrounded by forest of Ponderosa pine and Douglas fir. Southern population lives in xeric meadows at 2,200-3,200 ft...

Woodchuck

Mus monax (Linnaeus, 1758), Maryland, United States. Eleven subspecies. English Groundhog, forest marmot, whistle pig French Marmotte commune German Waldmurmeltier Spanish Marmota canadiense. 16.5-26.2 in (41.8-66.5 cm), females 6.8-10.6 lb (3.1-4.8 kg) males 6.8-11.2 lb (3.1-5.1 kg). The underfur is gray with yel- low tips, and the guard hairs are banded yellowish to reddish brown with white tips. Central Alaska through Yukon and below Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories to Labrador. The...

Species accounts

Sicista subtilis (Pallas, 1773), Tobol River Valley, Kurgan Oblast, Russia. Four subspecies. English Steppe sicista German (Steppen-) Streifenmaus, (Steppen-) Birkenmaus French Siciste des steppes Russian Stepnaya myshovka. Head and body length 2.4-3 in (61-73 mm) tail 3-3.2 in (75-82 mm) body mass 0.2-0.4 oz (6-10 g). Upperparts striped light tan and brownish and paler underneath. From eastern Austria to lake Baikal in south-central Siberia. HABITAT Flatland steppes of different types, fields,...

Birch mice jumping mice and jerboas

Cardiocranius Paradoxus

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurognathi Family Dipodidae Pygmy to medium-sized quadrupedal or bipedal rodents with hind limbs slightly or much longer than forelimbs long tails and eyes and external ears ranging in size coarse or soft brown, brownish-yellow or jonquil fur a dichromatic, black-and-white banner tail tip characteristic of many jerboa species specialized for the fast bipedal gallop 1.8-9 in 45-230 mm weight 0.2-15 oz 6-415 g Inhabitants of forests, meadows, steppe and...

Australian jumping mouse

Notomys alexis Thomas, 1922 , Northern Territory, Australia. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Australian hopping mouse, jerboa mouse French Souris sauteuses d'Australie German Australische H pfm use Spanish Rat n saltador. Body length 3.9-5.9 in 10-15 cm tail 3.5-8.2 in 9-21 cm weight 0.7-1.7 oz 20-50 g . Their upper coloring is light sandy brown to gray. Their bellies are white to light gray. They have long tails and large ears, but their distinguishing feature is the narrow, large hind feet that...