Reasoning

Like executive function, reasoning is usually characterized by a person's ability to integrate multiple facts or stimuli. Reasoning is distinguished from executive function in that an examinee must make a conscious effort to make rational judgments or to reach a conclusion about related stimuli. Tests intended to assess this domain usually involve reasoning about verbal or visually presented stimuli. An example of such a test is Comprehension, a subtest of the various versions of the WAIS. This test presents the examinee with increasingly difficult open-ended questions that assess social competence and practical reasoning.

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