Observations on the wide array of head and neck manifestations seen in this group of rheumatic diseases have been published as case reports and short case series, and little is available from the literature to assess long-term outcomes. Some clinical events, such as the facial rashes in SLE, serve a diagnostic purpose and are rarely seen later as the disease is treated or as it unfolds. Many times, these head and neck manifestations are overlooked by both the patient and the physician because attention is drawn to the articular or life-threatening internal organ manifestations of these diseases. Awareness (and management) of these complications of the disease most certainly will benefit the quality of life and functional aspects of the patient's long-term outcome.
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