The overall incidence of malignant melanoma has increased dramatically over the last 30 years. According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma now comprises about 4% of all cancers in the United States. During 2005, almost 60,000 new cases of melanoma were diagnosed and it is estimated that more than 7500 people died of melanoma (1). Cutaneous melanoma is a disease of older patients; median age at diagnosis is 57 years and median age at death is 67 years. Although it can occur in infants and children, this is rare. Malignant melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in men and the sixth most common in women (1). Men are more likely to die of melanoma, usually because melanoma in men tends to occur on areas of the body associated with poorer prognosis, such as the torso, back, and head and neck regions. In contrast, females tend to develop melanoma of the extremity, which carries a better prognosis. Approximately 16% of all cases of melanoma occur in the head and neck regions (2).
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Complete Guide to Preventing Skin Cancer. We all know enough to fear the name, just as we do the words tumor and malignant. But apart from that, most of us know very little at all about cancer, especially skin cancer in itself. If I were to ask you to tell me about skin cancer right now, what would you say? Apart from the fact that its a cancer on the skin, that is.