Laparotomy for Hepatic Resection

How to open and expose the operating field is a very important key for easy operation. I have devised some instruments to facilitate the operation (Fig. 5.1a-c). Various types of incision and exposure are shown in Figs. 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4.

Fig. 5.3a,b. Laparotomy combined with thoracotomy

Fig. 5.4a,b. J-shaped incision (only for right-sided hepatic resection)
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