Conservation status

Only one of the anglerfish families, Lophiidae, contains species of economic importance. These are harvested commercially in U.S., European, and Japanese waters, and the species that occurs off the Atlantic Coast of the United States, L. amer-icanus, has received protection from the U. S. National Marine Fisheries Service owing to overfishing both for the meat, which is marketed in the United States as monkfish, and the liver, which is highly prized in Japan. The IUCN lists the spotted handfish (Brachionichthys hirsutus) of Tasmania as Critically Endangered. The population of this species has been greatly reduced by an introduced starfish that preys on its egg clusters.

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