At the present time, there are four scorpaenoids listed by the IUCN. First is the deepwater jack, Pontinus nigropuncta-tus, from Saint Helena, which is considered Vulnerable. The redfish, Sebastes fasciatus, from the northwest Atlantic and Se-bastolobus alascanus from the northeast Pacific, are considered Endangered. Finally, the bocaccio, Sebastes paucispinis, from the northeast Pacific is considered Critically Endangered. These species, except for the deepwater jack, have been reduced to critical levels because of the pressures of overfish-ing. A recent report suggests that another eleven species of rockfishes (Sebastidae) also should be given protected status in North America because of continually declining numbers due to overfishing.
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