Reproductive Biology

Gonochoristic and polygynous, with a single male mating with more than one female daily. Courtship and spawning occurs during short period at dusk throughout most of the year. Females move to one or more specific areas before the onset of courtship. Males also move to and between these areas seeking females to court. Larger males dominate smaller males and prevent them from courting with females. Males use elaborate fin displays and circle females repeatedly during courtship. More than one bout of courtship may be necessary before a female is ready to spawn. Then, the pair rises slowly into the water column to spawn and fertilize a small batch (12-205) of pelagic eggs. After spawning, female returns to her home area to sleep, and male moves on to attempt to court and spawn with other females. Reported to have been bred in captivity. Larvae are pelagic.

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