Significance To Humans

A minor fishery for ocean pout began in Massachusetts in the 1930s, with fish being sold "round" in Boston markets. In 1943, as a war effort, a concerted attempt was made to sell whole fillets, and landings reached almost 4.4 million lb (2 million kg) in 1944. However, ocean pout are afflicted with a mi-crosporidian (Protozoa) parasite that produces unsightly lesions in the flesh. Landings dropped to under 6,100 lb (2,767 kg) by 1948, and the fishery subsequently failed. Attempts to revive the fishery in the 1970s also failed. ♦

Resources

Books

Andriashev, A. P. Fishes of the Northern Seas of the USSR. Moscow: Academy of Sciences, USSR, 1954.

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Washington, DC: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1953.

Breder, C. M., Jr. and D. E. Rosen. Modes of Reproduction in Fishes. Jersey City: T.F.H. Publications, 1966.

Burgess, W. E. and H. R. Axelrod. Fishes of California and Western Mexico. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Publications, 1984.

Eschmeyer, W. N. and E. S. Herald. A Field Guide to Pacific Coast Fishes of North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1983.

Fitch, J. E. and R. J. Lavenberg. Tidepool and Nearshore Fishes of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Goodson, G. Fishes of the Pacific Coast. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988.

Hart, J. L. Pacific Fishes of Canada. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1973.

Kiernan, A. M. Systematics and Zoogeography of the Ronquils, Family Bathymasteridae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Seattle: University of Washington, Ph.D. Dissertation, 1990.

Leim, A. H. and W. B. Scott. Fishes of the Atlantic Coast of Canada. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1966.

Masuda, H. et al., eds. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokyo: Tokai University Press, 1984.

Mecklenburg, C. W., T. A. Mecklenburg, and L. K. Thorsteinson. Fishes of Alaska. Bethesda: American Fisheries Society, 2002.

Nawojchik, R. A Systematic Revision of Zoarcoid Fishes of the Family Cryptacanthodidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Seattle: University of Washington, M.S. Thesis, 1986.

Whitehead, P. J. P. et al., eds. Fishes of the North-eastern

Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. 3. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, 1986.

Wingert, R. C. Comparative Reproductive Cycles and Growth in Two Species of Xiphister (Pisces, Stichaeidae) from San Simeon, California. Fullerton: California State University, M. A. Thesis, 1974.

Periodicals

Anderson, M. E. "Systematics and Osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes)." Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Bulletin 60 (1994): 1-120.

Barsukov, V. V. "Fauna of the USSR. Fishes. Family Zubatok (Anarhichadidae)." Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences, USSR 5, no. 5 (1959): 1-171.

Barton, M. "Comparative Distribution and Habitat Preferences of Two Species of Stichaeoid Fishes in Yaquina Bay, Oregon." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 59 (1982): 77-87.

Hughes, G. W. "The Comparative Ecology and Evidence for Resource Partitioning in Two Pholidid Fishes (Pisces: Pholididae) from Southern British Columbia Eelgrass Beds." Canadian Journal of Zoology 64, no. 1 (1985): 76-85.

Marliave, J. B. "Seasonal Shifts in the Spawning Site of a Northeast Pacific Intertidal Fish." Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32, no. 10 (1975): 1687-1691.

-. "The Life History and Captive Reproduction of the

Wolf-Eel at the Vancouver Public Aquarium." International Zoo Yearbook 26 (1987): 70-81.

Resources

Marliave, J. B., and E. E. DeMartini. "Parental Behavior of Intertidal Fishes of the Stichaeid Genus Xiphister." Canadian Journal of Zoology 55, no. 1 (1977): 60-3.

Matarese, A. C., A. W. Kendall, Jr., D. M. Blood, and B. M. Vinter. "Laboratory Guide to Early Life History Stages of Northeast Pacific Fishes." NOAA Technical Report NMFS 80 (October 1989): 496-531.

Peden, A. E. and G. W. Hughes. "Distribution, Morphological Variation, and Systematic Relationship of Pholis laeta and P. ornate (Pisces: Pholididae) with a Description of the Related Form P. nea n. sp." Canadian Journal of Zoology 62, no. 2 (1984): 291-305.

Richardson, S. L. and D. A. DeHart. "Records of Larval, Transforming and Adult Specimens of the Quillfish, Ptilichthys goodei, from Waters off Oregon." Fishery Bulletin 73, no. 3 (1975): 681-5.

Yao, Z. and L. W. Crim. "Copulation, Spawning and Parental Care in Captive Ocean Pout." Journal of Fish Biology 47 (1995): 171-3.

Yatsu, A. "A Revision of the Gunnel Family Pholididae (Pisces, Blennioidei)." Bulletin of the National Science Museum 7, no. 4 (December 1981): 165-190.

M. Eric Anderson, PhD

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