Significance to humans

Members of the following families are important commercial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries species: Ambassidae, Polyprionidae, Serranidae, Callanthiidae, Glaucosomatidae, Priacanthidae, Apogonidae, Sillaginidae, Malacanthidae, Rachy-centridae, Carangidae, Menidae, Leiognathidae, Bramidae,

Lutjanidae, Caesionidae (also used as bait in tuna fisheries), Lobotidae, Gerreidae, Haemulidae, Dinopercidae, Sparidae, Lethrinidae, Nemipteridae, Polynemidae, and Sciaenidae. Species important in the aquarium trade include members of the following families: Ambassidae, Serranidae, Grammati-dae, Callanthiidae, Pseudochromidae, Plesiopidae, Opistog-nathidae, Apogonidae, Malacanthidae, Lutjanidae, Caesionidae,

Haemulidae, Sparidae, Lethrinidae, Nemipteridae, and Sci-aenidae. Some species within a few families are also cultured for food or for release in the wild to enhance recreational fisheries (e.g., Serrandiae, Sillaginidae, Lutjanidae, and Sparidae). Others, particularly larger individuals of certain species, have been implicated in cases of ciguetara poisoning in humans.

1. Pajama cardinalfish (Sphaeramia nematoptera); 2. Bluestriped grunt (Haemulon sciurus); 3. Crevalle jack (Caranx hippos); 4. Northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus); 5. Humpnose big-eye bream (Monotaxis grandoculis). (Illustration by Wendy Baker)

1. Blacksaddled coral grouper "tiger morph" (Plectropomus laevis); 2. Sixline soapfish (Grammistes sexlineatus); 3. Goggle eye (Priacanthus ham-rur); 4. Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus); 5. Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus). (Illustration by Emily Damstra)

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