Introduction classification chemical structures and occurrence of flavonoids in plant foods

Clinical observations, basic science and several epidemiological studies have contributed to an emerging body of evidence for a potential role of flavonoids in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (Hollman and Katan, 1999). Flavonoids have been shown to inhibit the oxidation of plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL), decrease platelet function and to modulate cytokines and eicosanoids involved in inflammatory responses (De Whalley et al., 1990 Murphy et al., 2003). Several...

References

Arad, y., spadaro, l. a., roth, m., scordo, j., goodman, k., sherman, s., lerner, g., newstein, d. and guerci, a. d. (1998) Coronary Artery Disease, 9, 513-8. arnalich, f., hernanz, a., lopezmaderuelo, d., pena, j. m., camacho, j., madero, r., vazquez, j. j. and montiel, c. (2000) Hormone and Metabolic Research, 32, 40712. asmis, r. and jelk, j. (2000) Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 2O, 2078-86. beyer, r. e. (1992) Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 7O, 390-403. boucher, b. j....

Epidemiological studies weakening the iron hypothesis

A number of studies failed to correlate serum ferritin and the risk for cardiovascular diseases (Auer et al. 2002 Eichner et al. 1998 Frey & Krider 1994 Manttari et al. 1994 Moore et al. 1995 Solymoss et al. 1994). Several other studies used serum iron, transferrin saturation or total iron binding capacity (TIBC) as a measure for body iron stores and did not find a correlation with cardiovascular disease. Since there is a poor correlation between transferrin saturation in the normal range...

Dietary prevention of chronic heart failure CHF the role of micronutrients dietary fatty acids and reduced sodium intake

The incidence of chronic heart failure (CHF), the common end-result of most cardiac diseases, is increasing steadily in many countries despite (and probably because of) considerable improvements in the acute and chronic treatment of CHD, which is nowadays the main cause of CHF in most countries.52 In recent years, most research effort about CHF has focused on drug treatment, and little attention has been paid to nonpharmacological management. Some unidentified factors may indeed contribute to...