Oral candidiasis is a superficial mycosis and can present in a variety of clinical forms. The presence of Candida alone is not an indication of disease since yeasts can be found as a commensal in approximately 40% of the population. Candidiasis is essentially a disease of the diseased and reflects as much changes in host defences as increased pathogenicity of the organism. Oral can-didiasis has been associated with a variety of predisposing factors and these are summarised in Table 3.1.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.