Tupaia tana Raffles, 1821, Sumatra, Indonesia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES French: Toupaie terrestre.
Head and body length 8.5 in (22 cm); tail length 7 in (18 cm). Body mass 7 oz (198 g). Large-bodied. Fur dark rufous brown dorsally and orange-red or rusty red ventrally. Well-marked, pale yellowish stripe present on each shoulder and a conspicuous dark brown to black midline streak along the back. Anteriorly, this dorsal stripe is fainter and highlighted by pale areas on either side. Tail bushy and distinctly shorter than the combined length of head and body. Snout markedly elongated; canine teeth well developed. Claws robust and elongated.
Borneo, Sumatra, and several nearby islands.
Evergreen tropical rainforests.
Diurnal and essentially terrestrial. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Foraging typically takes place on the ground, including nosing through leaf litter and digging beneath it. The diet primarily includes fallen fruit and a large proportion of arthropods from a wide range of groups, including beetles, ants, spiders, or-thopterans (cockroaches and crickets), centipedes, and millipedes. Also feeds regularly on earthworms.
Presumably monogamous. Females have two pairs of teats.
Relatively common and not immediately threatened.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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