Terrestrial tree shrew

Tupaia tana

SUBFAMILY

Tupaiinae

TAXONOMY

Tupaia tana Raffles, 1821, Sumatra, Indonesia.

OTHER COMMON NAMES French: Toupaie terrestre.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 8.5 in (22 cm); tail length 7 in (18 cm). Body mass 7 oz (198 g). Large-bodied. Fur dark rufous brown dorsally and orange-red or rusty red ventrally. Well-marked, pale yellowish stripe present on each shoulder and a conspicuous dark brown to black midline streak along the back. Anteriorly, this dorsal stripe is fainter and highlighted by pale areas on either side. Tail bushy and distinctly shorter than the combined length of head and body. Snout markedly elongated; canine teeth well developed. Claws robust and elongated.

DISTRIBUTION

Borneo, Sumatra, and several nearby islands.

HABITAT

Evergreen tropical rainforests.

BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and essentially terrestrial. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Foraging typically takes place on the ground, including nosing through leaf litter and digging beneath it. The diet primarily includes fallen fruit and a large proportion of arthropods from a wide range of groups, including beetles, ants, spiders, or-thopterans (cockroaches and crickets), centipedes, and millipedes. Also feeds regularly on earthworms.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Presumably monogamous. Females have two pairs of teats.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Relatively common and not immediately threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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