• Fluid-resistant gowns

• Laboratory coats

• Plexiglas countertop shield

• Fluid-resistant gowns

• Laboratory coats

• Plexiglas countertop shield slides must be placed in a leak-proof, puncture-proof, properly labeled biohazard container.

3. Mouth pipetting is never permitted, and other objects, such as pens, pencils, and so on, should be kept away from the mouth and mucous membranes.

4. Eating, drinking, and smoking in the laboratory area are strictly forbidden. Food or drink items should not be kept in the laboratory

5. Notebooks, textbooks, and loose papers are not allowed in the laboratory work area.

6. Regarding issues of personal hygiene, long hair must be tied back, beards must be trimmed to no more than 1 inch in length, fingernails must be no longer than 1/4 inch beyond the end of the finger, and with no jewelry ornamentation of the fingers.

7. Dangling jewelry (earrings or necklaces) is not allowed.

8. Cosmetics or lip balm cannot be applied.

Chemical and Environmental Hazards

The clinical laboratory is an area in which chemicals are handled and maintained. Clothing, body parts, and surface areas are all potential spill areas for hazardous chemicals. Each employee should understand and adhere to the chemical spill action plan. Additionally, employees who routinely handle chemicals should use goggles, avoid splashing, and stringently follow mixing guidelines. Environmental hazards are hazards such as fire hazards, electrical hazards, radioactive hazards, and physical hazards. The details of the corrective actions are listed next:

• Fire hazards—Be familiar with the fire evacuation route, fire blanket location, fire and extinguisher location.

• Electrical hazards—Be aware of frayed cords, unsafe practices such as wet hands on electrical sockets, and whether all electrical equipment is grounded.

• Radioactive hazards—There are areas in the laboratory where radioactive materials are used; persons in this area should wear a radioactive badge.

• Physical hazards—Dangling jewelry should be avoided, hair should be pulled back and contained, and close-toed shoes must be worn.

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