Five Steps to Mindfulness

Seven Minute Mindfulness

Seven Minute Mindfulness is an audio targeted at using the most natural way to maintain a good focus and the mindfulness people need for their daily activities. It combines the various religious methods to reach a balance in ensuring the users reach the highest point of mindfulness they can ever attain. To help them reach this height, the program had been prepared to take only seven minutes of your time. Pending the time of its usage, the users will not have to spend a lot of time dealing with it. The Seven Minute Mindfulness was designed to be used on any device. Getting started is simple and will take just a few minutes after ordering. It comes with various bonuses like The Seven Minute Mindfulness Guidebook (A digital manual that comes along with the audio version); Your Little Book Of Mindfulness Exercises (A digital guide to some exercises that can be practised in the house)The product is in a digital format of Audio messages and has been created at a very affordable price. In case it does not meet their demands or desires, the users have the right to ask for a refund of their money within three months. The implication is that they are given the chance to try it at home and if they suddenly become sceptical or grow cold feet, they will get a 100% refund. Read more...

Seven Minute Mindfulness Summary


4.8 stars out of 26 votes

Contents: Audio Sessions, Manuals
Author: Greg Thurston
Official Website:
Price: $47.00

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My Seven Minute Mindfulness Review

Highly Recommended

All of the information that the author discovered has been compiled into a downloadable ebook so that purchasers of Seven Minute Mindfulness can begin putting the methods it teaches to use as soon as possible.

This ebook does what it says, and you can read all the claims at his official website. I highly recommend getting this book.

The Mindful Reset

The mindful reset enables you to determine environmental causes although reaping benefits for you towards the fullest extent. It's guaranteed that your life high quality could be enhanced within a couple days of this program purchase. This course is very good for helping to deal with anxiety and many people find that it reduces its impact. If you have regular panic attacks, it is also very good for you .this program is scientifically tested and gives you quality amount of strategies to help you get a moment out of your stressful schedule. This program is easy to use and comprehend, it saves your income, and it has specialized features. The mindful reset also offers 24/7 support in the event of any difficulty or complaint. Although mindfulness was originally practiced by Buddhists, it is more of a life practice. This course is completely secular and does not require you to believe anything specific nor will it ask you not to believe anything that you already believe. Almost everyone can benefit from this course. If you feel stressed or not stressed, if you feel low or happy. We can all benefit from learning to be more present and to find new ways of being in this world that are more helpful to ourselves and others. Read more...

The Mindful Reset Summary

Contents: Membership Site
Creator: Jess Bigogno
Official Website:
Price: $147.00

Eating Behavior Instruments

A class of dietary assessment instruments particularly well suited for behavioral medicine are those focused specifically on eating behaviors (in contrast to absolute intake measures in standard instruments). The development of these dietary behavior instruments was initially motivated by problems with assessing dietary intervention effectiveness, particularly low-fat interventions (Kristal et al, 1990). The fat-related diet habits questionnaire was based on an anthropologic model that described low-fat dietary change as four types (1) avoiding high-fat foods (exclusion) (2) altering available foods to make them lower in fat (modification) (3) using new, specially formulated or processed, lower fat foods instead of their higher fat forms (substitution) and (4) using preparation techniques or food ingredients that replace the common higher fat alternative (replacement) (Shannon et al, 1997). A recently developed mindful eating questionnaire was designed as a cognitive approach for...

Prototypes Creating Representations of Illness and Targets for Management

Representations of illness, treatments, and outcomes are dynamic, and both their experiential base and abstract features can be implicit (active and below awareness) (Henderson et al, 2007 Williams et al, 2003) or in conscious awareness. In this regard, they are similar to other everyday experiences. For example, when we enter the waiting room of a medical office, we scan the behavioral environment, occupied and unoccupied seats, and walk to sit in one of the unoccupied chairs. The rug and floor are likely implicit (unnoticed unless one slips), while selected features of the chairs and seated patients are represented in consciousness at different levels of salience. The representations guiding movement (the affordances perceived in the environment) are activated by perceptual features that activate underlying schemata of rooms, floors, chairs, and people.

Interventions and Implications for Health

There are as yet no large-scale studies that have convincingly demonstrated that improving positive affect results in favorable changes in objectively assessed physical health outcomes or biological responses. Several intervention methods have been proposed for enhancing happiness and resilience, using treatments such as Fordyce's happiness program, and gratitude and mindfulness interventions. These interventions may not only augment happiness but also build resilience resources that enhance effective coping with trauma (Cohn et al, 2009). It is important to investigate the impact of interventions on potential biological and behavioral mediators, and ultimately disease etiology and prognosis, in order to establish the true importance of positive affect in health. It is even possible that some of the benefits of cognitive-behavioral

The Construct Of Psychopathy

He described psychopaths as individuals incapable of leading normal lives who cause great distress in their community, despite an outer mask of robust mental health. By analogy with semantic aphasia, he hypothesized that their attributes resulted from a deep disorder in semantic processing, which impaired emotional awareness of what the most important experiences of life mean to others. He proposed 16 criteria, such as absence of psychosis or nervousness, superficial charm, unreliability, insincerity, lack of remorse, egocentricity, and interpersonal unresponsiveness, although some criteria seem peripheral to the construct (e.g., suicide rarely carried out, fantastic and uninviting behavior with or without drink).

Historical Background

As one preferable alternative to the objective-subjective categorization, self-report inventories can appropriately be described as relatively structured measures and projective methods as relatively unstructured measures. Weiner and Kuehnle (1998) elaborated this distinction in terms of a levels hypothesis originally proposed by Stone and Dellis (1960). According to the levels hypothesis, there is a direct relationship between the degree to which a test is structured and the level of conscious awareness at which it taps personality processes. The more structured (hence, less ambiguous) a test is, the greater the likelihood that it will provide information about relatively conscious and apparent levels of personality. Conversely, the less structured (hence, more ambiguous) a test is, the more likely it is to access deeper levels of personality and provide information about underlying and unrecognized characteristics.

Advantages And Limitations

Of measures to tap different levels of conscious awareness and, consequently, differ in their relative sensitivity to state and trait dimensions of personality functioning. Research studies examining correlations between MMPI-2 and Rorschach variables provide some indirect empirical evidence that respondent unwillingness can render either self-report or performance-based test results undependable. This line of research followed a review by Archer and Krishnamurthy (1993) in which the authors identified limited or minimal relationships between conceptually similar variables on these two measures. This seeming lack of convergent validity has been taken in some quarters to reflect poorly on the psychometric adequacy of the RIM (e.g., Hunsley & Bailey, 1999), even though Archer and Krishnamurthy (1993) concluded otherwise . . . it does not appear likely that these results are attributable to differential reliability or validity of these two instruments (p. 286). However, as noted by...

Social and Interpersonal Processes

Neuroimaging research contributes to understandings of the importance of social and interpersonal processes in a variety of ways, including investigating the neural processes which underlie effective social interpersonal interactions and facilitate identification, attachment, and social bonding. Simple social interactions reveal a surprising complexity of coordinated responses, many of which occur outside of conscious awareness (Lakin and Chartrand, 2008). Study of effective social interactions reveals a high degree of moment by moment symmetry between participants in terms of emotional expression, posture, and general levels of auto-nomic arousal. As strong bonds form over time, people increasingly resemble each others' emotional styles (Anderson et al, 2003). During interaction, our expressions posture and arousal levels become social responses. These in turn evoke social responses in others which we perceive as social stimuli, in turn evoking further responses (Frith, 2008 Frith...

Psychosocial Interventions Optimizing Health Survival and Improving Quality of Life

The vast majority of psychosocial interventions in cancer populations aimed at facilitating postdiagnosis and -treatment adjustment have been delivered to breast cancer survivors and findings support efficacy of such interventions in reducing distress, and improving QOL. In a study involving a heterogeneous sample of breast cancer survivors, women participating in a 7-week mindfulness meditation intervention showed significant decreases in mood disturbance and stress symptoms immediately after intervention and at 6-month follow-up (Carlson et al, 2001). Among women with metastatic breast cancer, participants randomized to a supportive-expressive

Review Activities

After long-term memory is established, why may there be no need for hippocampal involvement Can we be aware of a reflex action involving our skeletal muscles Is this awareness necessary for the response Explain, identifying the neural pathways involved in the reflex response and the conscious awareness of a stimulus.


Conscious awareness with recollection This occurs when a patient remembers intraoperative events. It is very rare and is what most of us associate with being 'awake during an operation'. Awareness is often due to faulty anaesthetic technique or failure to check equipment 1 . 2. Conscious awareness without recollection There may have been response to intraoperative events but no recollection afterwards.

Medical Care

Racial and ethnic minorities in the USA are overrepresented among the almost 50 million Americans who lack health insurance and thus face major challenges in obtaining access to medical care. A report from the Institute of Medicine in the USA showed consistent race disparities in the quality and intensity of care for numerous health conditions that persisted after differences in clinical need, appropriateness of treatment, SES, and insurance are controlled (Smedley et al, 2003). Discrimination on the part of health-care providers, much of it probably below their conscious awareness, but based on negative stereotypes of their ethnic minority patients likely plays a role in these patterns (Smedley et al, 2003). Other research indicates that US physicians who provide care to non-white patients are less likely to be board certified (accredited by a medical governing body in their area of specialization) and are also more likely to report difficulties in...

The Emdr Procedure

Phase two is called the 'preparation' phase. During this phase the emphasis is on establishing an appropriate therapeutic relationship, educating the client with regard to the effects of trauma and around reasonable expectations of EMDR, and teaching the client self control techniques. The use of metaphor is usually introduced at this stage to facilitate the creation of a manageable 'distance' for clients to reconnect with their traumatic material. This is part of a 'mindfulness' process (Teasdale, 1999) deliberately aimed at helping clients become their own observers. Emphasis is placed in the preparation phase on creating a sense of control and safety in clients, and in this regard clients are taught the use of a 'stop signal' to use if they wish to stop the procedure at any time, and also a 'safe place' is elicited and elaborated with the use of bilateral stimulation. This 'safe place' may be returned to from time to time during the procedure to give the client a sense of wellbeing...

Irving B Weiner

As an additional dimension of functioning relevant to instrument selection in personality assessment, people tend to be fully aware of some of their attitudes, affect, and action tendencies only partially or vaguely aware of some of their other states and traits and mostly or totally unaware of certain aspects of what they are like and how they are inclined to behave. The influence on human behavior of thoughts and feelings existing outside as well as within conscious awareness is recognized across a gamut of perspectives, from psychoanalytic formulations of the dynamic unconscious to cognitive and research-based conceptualizations of how underlying emotional meanings and automatic self-regulation shape behavior without awareness (see Bargh & Chartrand, 1999 Bornstein, 2003 Bornstein & Masling, 1998 Samoilov & Goldfried, 2000). McClelland, Koestner, and Weinberger (1989) formulated this dual determination of behavior by distinguishing between explicit or self-attributed motives, which...

Future Directions

Millisecond and circadian timing systems (Hinton and Meck, 1997b) Might FMRI and EEG be combined to study the neural events that underlie timing in the millisecond range Can magnets with higher field strength be used to test hypotheses about the neural substrates of timing on finer spatial and temporal scales Will FMRI be able to identify different internal clocks for visual and auditory modalities (see Penney, this volume) How do the multiple brain areas involved in interval timing interact to produce the subjective experience of the fluent passage of time How reliable is the pattern of brain activation when different timing tasks are used How does the scalar property arise from the operation of the neural mechanisms for interval timing (see Church, this volume Gibbon et al., 1984) Can timing of particular durations be associated with particular brain regions for example, might there be a topographical representation of durations in different regions of the striatum (Meck et al.,...

Cultural Differences

Personality dimensions identified on the basis of Western questionnaires could most of the time be replicated in other cultures. The question remains, however, to what degree our questionnaires impose the structures in other cultures. Cheung and Lueng (1998) developed a specific questionnaire, the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory (CPAI) for use in Hong Kong and the mainland of China. The questionnaire revealed a number of dimensions that seemed to be specific for Eastern cultures. For example, a scale named harmony measures an individual's inner peace of mind, content, as well as interpersonal harmony the scale renqing or relationship orientation is a more complicated social relationship concept in Chinese culture. The scale measures the individual's adherence to cultural norms of interaction. Forms of interaction involve courteous rituals, exchange of resources, reciprocity, maintaining and utilizing useful ties, and nepotism. These scales are part of a dimension that has...

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