Midas chrysomelas Kuhl, 1820, Bahia, Brazil.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Singe lion à tête d'or; German: Goldkopf-Lowenaffe; Portuguese: Mico-leao-de-cara-dourada.
Male weight: 21.9 oz (620 g), female weight: 18.9 oz (535 g); head and body length: 8.7-10.2 in (22-26 cm); tail length: 13.0-15.4 in (33-39 cm). Rump with black fur; arms, part of tail, and fringe around face is golden in color.
Forest remnants in the southern part of the state of Bahia, Brazil. HABITAT
Tropical rainforest in coastal region, semi-deciduous forest further inland.
Groups of 3-9 individuals, with usually two adult males and one adult female, plus immature individuals. Home-range size is 163-213 acres (66-86 ha), and groups travel 0.9-1.4 mi (1.4-2.2 km) per day. Where living in the same forest with Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset (Callithrix kuhli), short term associations are formed.
Golden-headed lion tamarins are mainly frugivorous and insectivorous; the diet is supplemented with flowers, exudates from the pods of a legume, and nectar. Prey is mainly searched in epiphytic bromeliads and includes cryptic or concealed insects, but also small vertebrates and snails.
Little known, probably a flexible mating system (monogamy, polyandry).
Critically Endangered due to ongoing habitat destruction.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Kept as pets. ♦
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