Resources

Make Him a Monogamy Junkie

The Monogamy Method

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Books

Benirschke, K., ed. Primates: The Road to Self-sustaining Populations. New York: Springer Verlag, 1986.

Chivers, D. J., ed. Malayan Forest Primates: Ten Years' Study in Tropical Rain Forest. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.

Geissmann, T. Evolution and Communication in Gibbons (Hylobatidae). Unpubl. PhD thesis, University of Zurich, 1993.

Geissmann, T., Dang Xuan Nguyen, N. Lormee, and F. Momberg. Vietnam Primate Conservation Review, Part 1: Gibbons. Hanoi: Fauna and Flora International Indochina Programme, 2000.

Groves, C. P. A Theory of Human and Primate Evolution. London: Academic Press, 1989.

Marsh, C. W., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. Primate Conservation in Tropical Rain Forest. New York: Alan R. Liss, 1987.

Myers, N. A Wealth of Wild Species: Storehouse for Human Welfare. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1983.

Myers, N. The Primary Source: Tropical Forests and Our Future. New York: Norton, 1984.

Preuschoft, H., D. J. Chivers, W. Y. Brockelman, and N. Creel, eds. The Lesser Apes: Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984.

Rainier, HSH Prince, and G. H. Bourne, eds. Primate Conservation. New York: Academic Press, 1977.

Rowe, N. The Pictorial Guide to Living Primates. East Hampton, NY: Pogonias Press, 1996.

Rumbaugh, D. M., ed. Gibbon and Siamang, Vol. 1. New York: Academic Press, 1972.

Rumbaugh, D. M., ed. Gibbon and Siamang, Vol. 4. New York: Academic Press, 1976.

Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker, eds. Primate Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Sutton, S. L., T. C. Whitmore, and A. C. Chadwick, eds. Tropical Rain Forest: Ecology and Management. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1983.

Swindler, D. R., and J. Erwin, eds. Comparative Primate Biology, Vol. 1: Systematics, Evolution and Anatomy. New York: Alan R. Liss, 1986.

Whitmore, T. C. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Periodicals

Bleisch, W. V., and N. Chen. "Ecology and Behavior of Wild Black-crested Gibbons (Hylobates concolor) in China with a Reconsideration of the Evidence for Polygyny." Primates 32, no. 4 (1991): 539-548.

Carpenter, C. R. "A Field Study in Siam of the Behavior and Social Relations of the Gibbon (Hylobates lar)." Comparative Psychological Monographs 16, no. 5 (1940): 1-212.

Fleagle, J. G., J. T. Stern, W. L. Jungers, R. L. Susman, A. K. Vangor, and J. P. Wells. "Climbing: a Biomechanical Link with Brachiation and with Bipedalism." Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 48 (1981): 359-375.

Geissmann, T. "Gibbon Systematics and Species

Identification." International Zoo News 42 (1995): 65-77.

Hall, L. M., D. S. Jones, and B. A. Wood. "Evolution of the Gibbon Subgenera Inferred from Cytochrome b DNA Sequence Data." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 10 (1998): 281-286.

Johns, A. D. "Responses of Rain-forest Primates to Habitat Disturbance: A Review." International Journal of Primatology 8 (1987): 157-191.

Mitani, J. C. "The Behavioral Regulation of Monogamy in Gibbons (Hylobates muelleri)." Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 15 (1984): 225-229.

Palombit, R. A. "Pair Bonds in Monogamous Apes: a

Comparison of the Siamang Hylobates syndactylus and the White-handed Gibbon Hylobates lar." Behaviour 133 (1996): 321-356.

Raemaekers, J. J., and P. M. Raemaekers. "Field Playback of Loud Calls to Gibbons (Hylobates lar): Territorial, Sex-specific and Species-specific Responses." Animal Behaviour 33 (1985): 481-493.

Reichard, U., and V. Sommer. "Group Encounters in Wild Gibbons (Hylobates lar): Agonism, Affiliation and the Concept of Infanticide." Behaviour 134 (1997): 1135-1174.

Van Schaik, C. P., and R. I. M. Dunbar. "The Evolution of Monogamy in Large Primates: A New Hypothesis and Some Crucial Tests." Behaviour 115 (1990): 30-62.

Tilson, R. L. "Family Formation Strategies of Kloss's Gibbons." Folia Primatologica 35 (1981): 259-287.

Wilson, C. C., and W. L. Wilson. "The Influence of Selective Logging on Primates and Some Other Animals in East Kalimantan." Folia Primatologica 23 (1975): 245-274.

Organizations

Wildlife Research Group, University of Cambridge. Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DY United Kingdom. Phone: +44 1223-333753. Fax: +44 1223-333786. E-mail: [email protected].

David J. Chivers, MA, PhD, ScD

Class Mammalia Order Primates Family Hominidae

Thumbnail description

The largest members of the order; sharing the physical features that characterize all primates, great apes are distinguished by their impressive array of mental abilities

Size

Combined head and body length ranges from 28-67 in (70-170 cm); 68-388 lb (31-175.2 kg)

Number of genera, species

3 genera; 6 species

Habitat

Forest, savanna, swamp Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 1 species; Endangered: 5 species

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