Unique Parrot Training Ebooks

The Ultimate Guide To Raising Parrots

Here's just a taste of what you'll discover. A complete guide to the parrot cage and how to easily maintain a healthy environment. The 5 things you must do before placing your parrot in his new home. What to feed your parrot and what not to give him! There is a ton of inaccurate info out there. I'll tell you the truth so you never have to wonder again! How to care for a single parrot and more than one! Why your parrot is squawking at you! You may be surprised to learn the answer to this. How to choose a healthy parrot from the store there are little known things to look for that the pet store owner's don't want you to know! The surefire signs of parrot illness that will tell you if your parrot needs medical attention. An entire chapter devoted to parrot illnesses and cures. Your parrot has the potential to completely recover from an illness, but it's not how you think. I'll show you the truth about curing your parrot. What species of parrots are more likely to learn to talk than others. A complete guide to all the accessories your parrot needs to be happy in his new home. A complete parrot first aid kit. This is an important one! The supplies in this kit just may save your parrots life! Where you should never place your parrot cage in your house. Put it here and it just might kill him! What to do if your parrot does get sick. There are several very important steps on caring for a sick parrot before you have the chance to take him to the vet. Just how many species you have to choose from in the parrot world. Probably a lot more than you think. The one location you should never place your parrots cage. Put his home here and youre nearly guaranteeing that hell develop emotional and physical problems. A crash course on parrot behavior. Knowing whats normal and healthy behavior and whats not! can help you provide the best possible care for your parrot. All about feeding your parrot, including tips on varying his diet to make sure his intestinal tract stays healthy. Read more here...

The Ultimate Guide To Raising Parrots Summary

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Author: Michael Joseph
Official Website: www.learnaboutparrots.com
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Unique Parrot Training Ebooks

Here are the four ebooks that you will find in Parrot Secrets and the essential Parrot knowledge you will find in each digital book. Book One : How to Get Your Parrot To Talk And Do Astonishing Tricks. Mute as a fish? Discover the best way to inspire your Parrot to talk more. How to use an under-estimated old powerful training technique that has just been rediscovered in the Parrot world. the Positive Reinforcement Technique. that will help you tremendously to teach your Parrot to say the funniest stuff in front of your friends and family, perhaps even within a few days or hours! Book Two : How To Get My Parrot To Love Me Some Basics To Start. Discover this expert bird training author's personal favorite solution on how to fix your Parrot's behavioral problems, that your Parrot will Love!. Lovingly Stop The Screaming! Watch the amount of light your Parrot gets. Exactly how many hours of sunlight should your Parrot get every day? Giving it more than the recommended number of hours of sunlight can make your Parrot start screaming! Right now, you could very well be unknowingly giving your Parrot much more sunlight than what it should be getting!. Does your Parrot scream? Or are you afraid that your Parrot might start screaming in the future? Find out more about a brilliant new technique to prevent your Parrot from screaming. You will also read about a real-life case study in which a bird that used to regularly scream upwards of 45 minutes at a stretch every day was trained to stop screaming altogether! How should you react to a screaming Parrot?. see the most common mistakes most Parrot owners make that only make this worse! Ook Three : A Happy Parrot Diet. A shiny, smart Parrot tip .How you can turn your Parrot into a glossy-looking, intelligent and bright bird just by modifying its diet. 11 secret psychological tricks (currently known only by the Top experts in this field) you can use to persuade and convince your Parrot to try a new and improved diet rich in nutrients even if your bird is extremely reluctant to shift to the new diet!. Too many seeds? What is the maximum percentage of your Parrot's diet that should be composed of seeds? If you exceed this percentage, it can have really harmful consequences for the health of your bird! Give 'em power veggies! What are the 2 vegetables that Must be included in your Parrot's diet? . Book Four : How To Choose Your First Parrot Wisely. The 5 different types of sellers where you can buy a Parrot. and how to choose which place is the best for You. Effective research tips. How to research before deciding on getting a Parrot. The 4 crucial store questions that you must ask any store from which you buy your Parrot . Read more here...

Unique Parrot Training Ebooks Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Nathalie Roberts
Official Website: www.parrotsecrets.com
Price: $39.95

Evolution and systematics

The order Gruiformes (parvclass Passerae, superorder Passerimorphae) has often been described as a sort of taxo-nomic grab-bag consisting of several avian families with questionable evolutionary ties. In Bustards, Hemipodes and Sandgrouse Birds of Dry Places (1991), Paul A. Johnsgard wrote, The traditional order Gruiformes as constituted by Peters (1934) is one that has been rather generally regarded as a collection of seemingly rather disparate and perhaps distantly related forms. W. Meise, the author of the Grzimek,s (1968) chapter on Gruiformes, wrote, A parrot can be immediately recognized, so we can readily understand why all parrots are included in one order, with only one family. This is in direct contrast to the order of cranes. Hardly any other order among birds has so little uniformity.

Roots in Natural Theology

Mutualisms were frequently used by ancient writers as examples of nature's balance those tendencies that prevented any species from becoming either too abundant or extinct were due to divine providence. Herodotus told the story about a mutually beneficial relationship between Nile crocodiles and a species of plover. The plover ate leeches from the crocodiles' mouth, and the crocodile never hurts the bird.30 Aristotle liked that story and mentioned it in three different books. He also reported that a mutual relationship existed between certain mussels (Pinna) and little crabs (Pinnotheres).31 Similar descriptions were given by Cicero and Aelian, who drew the moral that humans should learn friendship from nature.32 Pliny also remarked that friendships occur between peacocks and pigeons, turtledoves and parrots, blackbirds and turtle-doves, the crow and the little heron in a joint enmity against the fox kind, and the goshawk and kite against the buzzard.33 Mutual interactions were...

The Endocrinology Of Birds Vocalization

Supporting data of testosterone-dependent vocal pattern comes from species of a wide variety of avian taxa including vocal learners songbirds (Heid et al., 1985 Kern and King, 1972 Leonard, 1939 Shoemaker, 1939), parrots (Brockway, 1968, 1969 Nespor et al., 1996) , and nonlearners, the suboscine passerines (Kroodsma, 1985), chicken (Andrew, 1963 Marler et al., 1962), Japanese quails (Beani et al., 2000), partridges (Fusani et al., 1994), night herons (Noble and Wurm, 1940), doves (Bennet, 1940), and gulls (Groothuis and Meeuwissen, 1992 Terkel et al., 1976). As mentioned already above, little attention has been paid to verify if testosterone-induced vocalizations of females are indeed male-typical, that is, testosterone-treated female canaries sing malelike songs (Leonard, 1939 Shoemaker, 1939), which in average are composed of much fewer syllables compared to male canaries (Fusani et al., 2003 Hartley and Suthers, 1990). In these cases, it needs to be seen...

The anatomy of avian vocal control networks

In songbirds, neural vocal control is achieved by a chain of interconnected brain areas in the fore-, mid-, and hindbrain (Nottebohm et al., 1976 Vates et al., 1997 Vu et al., 1994 Wild, 1997 Yu et al., 1996). Vocal learning of songbirds correlates with the differentiation of forebrain vocal control areas, the robust nucleus of the arcopallium (RA), lateral magnocellular nucleus of the anterior nidopallium (lMAN), HVC (used as proper name), medial magnocellular nucleus of the anterior nidopallium (mMAN), Area X, and nucleus interface of the nidopallium (NIF) (Fig. 3.1). Albeit under intense study, the specific role of any forebrain nucleus for learning and production of vocal pattern is unclear. Hummingbirds and parrots, too, evolved forebrain networks, which are composed of multiple areas (for review Gahr, 2003). In parakeets, some of these areas do not seem homologous to the forebrain vocal control nuclei of oscines, while the hodologic and molecular properties of others suggest...

Symbols and Numerosities

Although it is extremely impressive that chimpanzees and parrots can learn the relationship between numerosities and symbols, a striking aspect of these data is how very laborious it is to train this behavior. In fact, there is no indication of any positive transfer from one numerosity to the next (Murofushi, 1997). For example, after having been trained with the arabic numerals 1 to 3 and the corresponding numerosities 1 to 3, one might expect that when presented with a novel symbol and 3 + 1 dots that the ape would infer that the new numerosity should be paired with the new symbol. However, this is not the case. The chimpanzees required the same number of additional training trials for each new numerosity-symbol pair added to the mix. In addition, when chimpanzees were required to report the color, shape, and number of a set of objects in any order, they chose to report number last (Matsuzawa, 1985). These findings collectively suggest that the pairing of arbitrary symbols and...

Behavior And Reproduction

A group of birds may form a flock. Birds in the flock often pair up. Some parrots are active in the day and sleep in trees at night. Other birds are nocturnal, active at night. Most parrots are monogamous (muh-NAH-guh-mus) and pair up for life. Birds often breed in cavities, nests located in the hollow part of trees. Usually, only the female broods, staying with the eggs until they hatch. Females of most species lay four to eight white eggs. They hatch in eighteen to twenty days. Parrots are thought to be intelligent. In the wild, they screech or scream to warn the flock of danger from predators like eagles and falcons. Cage birds (birds in captivity) often imitate the words of the people they live with, and some tamed parrots live to age of eighty or longer.

Conservation Status

WHY PARROTS TALK The gray parrot is the most talkative bird in the parrot family. These domesticated parrots are intelligent. They imitate sounds, something that usually doesn't happen in the wild where birds chatter with other parrots. Scientists believe that cage birds repeat human words when kept without other parrots as companions.

Gray Parrot Psittacus erithacus

Geographic range Gray parrots are found in western Africa in coastal countries including Sierra Leone, Ghana, and the Ivory Coast. Birds also range inland in central and east Africa. Habitat Parrots make their nests in tree holes, sometimes choosing locations abandoned by birds like woodpeckers. The parrots live in evergreen forests and other wooded areas. Diet Parrots eat seeds, fruit, nuts, and berries. Birds usually pick their food from the trees. They sometimes land on the ground and eat dirt or tiny rocks. This helps the parrots digest their food. Behavior and reproduction Gray parrots are social birds. They travel during the day in pairs or small groups. At dusk, a large group of birds meets at one spot. This large flock will chatter and then roost, resting for the night. When the sun rises, pairs and groups fly away to eat. Birds often take a midday break and then feed again. Gray parrots are monogamous. When they breed is based on where the birds are. Parrots in western Africa...

Gray Goawaybird Corythaixoides concolor

Hop in trees and appear to be curious about the world around them. They are less shy around humans than other birds in the Mu-sophagidae family. And just as in human families, not all relatives get along. Go-away birds may chase turacos away from water and food sources like fruit trees. However, the go-away-birds will not object if they are joined by birds such as parrots or pigeons.

Reproductive biology

The crop of all pigeons is specialized to an extent unknown in any other birds. This organ has a glandular lining that, during the breeding season and in both sexes, enlarges and produces a soft, nutritious, cheesy secretion called crop milk, which is fed to the chicks. This feature is probably unique to pigeons, although some parrot breeders claim that in the first few hours after hatching young parrots are also fed a crop milk by their parents. Crop milk gives pigeons a distinct advantage in that the chicks need not starve if food is scarce. So long as the parents are fat and healthy the young can continue to receive nutritious food in hard times.

Physical characteristics

Parrots retain a strong structural homogeneity, but vary in size from the pygmy parrots of New Guinea less than 3.5 in (9 cm) in length and weighing only 0.35 oz (10 g) to the giant macaws of South America and the bulky kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) of New Zealand. Up to 40 in (100 cm) from bill to tail, the hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) is the largest parrot, while the kakapo, weighing up to 6.6 lb (3 kg), is the heaviest. Plumage color is variable, and, although most are brilliantly colored, with green, red, and yellow predominating, there are uniformly dull-colored species like the two Coracopsis parrots from Madagascar. Colors can be structural, pigmentary, or a combination of both. Blue and green are structural colors, due principally to back-scattering of light from the texture of the feathers. Named after its discoverer, Danish ornithologist Jan Dyck, this Dyck-texture is not present in feathers of cockatoos, hence the absence of green and blue from their plumage....

Feeding ecology and diet

The diet of most parrots includes seeds and fruits procured in treetops or on the ground. These parrots are adept at de-husking seeds to extract nutritious kernels. With the thick tongue, a seed is held against the broad, ridged underside of the upper bill while the front cutting edge of the lower bill efficiently peels away the seed-coat. Use of a foot, usually the left one, to hold food up to the bill is prevalent among arboreal species, but less common or even absent in predominantly ground-feeding species. Apart from occasionally dropping to the ground a few viable seeds or undamaged fruits, parrots play no role as dispersal agents, and their feeding can significantly impact local levels of seed production. Field studies reveal that red-lored Because the arboreal lories and lorikeets feed on pollen, nectar, and soft fruits, their gizzards are weak and less muscular than those of seed-eating species. Constantly on the move in search of flowering trees or shrubs, these specialists...

Significance to humans

Mals with large brains that people consider intelligent, the cephalopods are unique because they are not vertebrates. The cephalopod brains and their remarkably familiar eyes have developed from an early precursor completely unlike the forerunners of dogs, dolphins, parrots, lizards, and fishes. This evolutionary history makes cephalopods the closest thing to an alien intelligence that humans have ever encountered.

Avian migration and navigation

Seasonal migration is found on all the continents and among species as diverse as penguins, owls, parrots, and hummingbirds. Evidence of the first origins of migration are probably lost forever, but recent phylogenetic reconstructions suggest that migratory behavior has appeared and disappeared repeatedly in avian lineages. Its first appearance may well have coincided with the acquisition of efficient long-distance flight capability. Although present patterns of migration may have been influenced by global climatic events such as glaciation, migration on a large scale probably predated these events.

Nonpoultry Domestic Avian Models For Aging Studies

Avian models for learning and neuroregeneration Small songbirds, including canaries, zebra finches, and sparrows, as well as small parrots and pigeons, have been used for decades in neurobiology, particularly in studies of song learning and reproductive and courtship behavior. More recently, these laboratory bird models have also become the focus of research on the potential for regeneration of certain brain regions. Male canaries normally change their songs each new breeding season as they come into reproductive readiness. This seasonal change is correlated with the death and subsequent regrowth of neurons located in song centers in the brain (see, for example, Kim et al., 1994 Nottebohm et al., 1994 Doetsch and Scharff, 2001). This type of adult neurogenesis has no direct counterpart in laboratory rodent neurobiological models. Studies of the molecular basis of avian neuroregeneration could be critically important for expanding the potential for therapeutic brain repair in humans....

Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus

Physical characteristics The coloring of male and female eclectus parrots is so different that they were once thought to be two different species. The female bird has red and blue feathers and a black bill. The male has green plumage and a yellow bill. All eclectus parrots have feathers of a smooth texture that have been compared to silk. The birds are 16.5 inches (42 centimeters) in length and weigh 0.9 to 1.2 pounds (440 to 660 grams). Geographic range Eclectus parrots live in Indonesia in Moluccas, Sumba Island, the Tanimbar Islands, Aru Islands, Biak Island, and Irian Jaya. They also range in the South Pacific in New Guinea and The coloring of male and female eclectus parrots is so different that they were once thought to be two different species. The female bird has red and blue feathers and a black bill. The male has green plumage and a yellow bill. (Illustration by Joseph E. Trumpey. Reproduced by permission.) Habitat In the rainforest, eclectus parrots often live in tall trees...

Mechanisms of Premature Aging in Diabetes

The clinical and phenotypic similarities between aging and diabetes suggest that there may be shared biochemical pathways leading to the tissue changes. Glucose is the principal metabolic fuel for many animal species. In general, with few exceptions, the plasma glucose level in various animals is maintained within a narrow range (60-140 mg dl). It is possible that the lower limit of blood glucose levels is determined by the minimum tissue requirements of metabolic fuel, and the upper limit defines the threshold beyond which glucotoxicity limits survival of the species (Mooradian and Thurman, 1999b). Avian species, especially owls and parrots, are the exception to this generalization. These animals have high blood glucose levels in the range of 250 to 350 mg dl and yet have a relatively long life expectancy and show no signs of classical diabetic complications. The overall constancy of blood glucose levels across a wide range of animal species suggests that hyperglycemia, except in...

Abstract

Dimorphic, both in vocal learners (songbirds, parrots, some hummingbirds) and vocal nonlearners (all other birds). In many cases, the development and or the adult differentiation of vocalizations of sociosexual function is sensitive to sex hormones, androgens and estrogens. The underlying mechanisms have been studied in detail in songbirds, a bird group that comprises about half of all bird species. Next to unlearned calls, songbirds produce learned songs that require forebrain vocal control areas that express receptors for androgens and estrogens. These forebrain vocal areas are sexually dimorphic in many species, but a clear relation between the degree of brain sex and sex differences in vocal pattern is lacking, except that a minimum number of vocal neurons is necessary to sing learned songs. Genetic brain-intrinsic mechanisms are likely to determine the neuron pools that develop into forebrain song control areas. Subsequently, gonadal steroid hormones, androgens and estrogens,...

Gray goawaybird

Generally found in pairs, small family groups, or parties of three to 20 birds, hopping, climbing, and bounding about in trees and bushes with much dexterity. Alert and inquisitive, it will often perch on the topmost branches of trees with a marked upright posture, raising and depressing its crest, and jerking its tail as it calls. Flight is strong and direct with alternating gliding and flapping. Movements of up to 40-60 individuals or more have been observed on several occasions, possibly in response to fluctuating food or water supplies. At all times will react aggressively toward other turacos, chasing them away from fruiting trees, bird feeders, and water, yet readily sharing such resources with other birds such as pigeons, parrots, barbets, orioles, and starlings.

Scarlet macaw

Feeds arboreally, taking mainly seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, and flowers, with large, rather soft fruits favored. In Brazil, important foods are Lecythis fruits, and fruits of juvia Bertholletia excelsa and Syagrus palms. With other parrots congregates at clay-licks on exposed banks purpose unknown, but suggestion that consuming mineralized clays may alleviate effects of toxic alkaloids in unripe fruit. Probably best known of neotropical parrots, and often depicted in travel brochures. Highly prized as aviary bird and as household pet, so nestlings persistently taken also hunted in some regions for food and for feathers.

Plumthroated cotinga

Various congeners will forage in the same tree with Plum-throated cotingas, such as the spangled cotinga (Cotinga cayana). Additionally, the plum-throated cotingas has been observed foraging in the same tree with parrots (short-tailed parrots Graydidascalus brachyurus and cobalt-winged parakeet Bro-togeris cyanoptera ).

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