4. Explain how effectors that receive only sympathetic innervation are regulated by the autonomic system.
5. Distinguish between the different types of adrenergic receptors and state where these receptors are located in the body.
6. Give examples of drugs that selectively stimulate or block different adrenergic receptors and explain how these drugs are used clinically.
c. the digestive system.
7. Propranolol is a beta blocker. It would therefore cause a. vasodilation.
b. slowing of the heart rate.
c. increased blood pressure.
d. secretion of saliva.
8. Atropine blocks parasympathetic nerve effects. It would therefore cause a. dilation of the pupils.
b. decreased mucus secretion.
c. decreased movements of the digestive tract.
d. increased heart rate.
9. Which area of the brain is most directly involved in the reflex control of the autonomic system?
a. hypothalamus b. cerebral cortex
Compare the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems in terms of the location of their ganglia and the distribution of their nerves.1 Explain the anatomical and physiological relationship between the sympathetic nervous system and the adrenal glands.
Compare the effects of adrenergic and cholinergic stimulation on the cardiovascular and digestive systems.
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Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...