Consistent Colors Promote Understanding

The complete revision of the art program allowed us to standardize the appearance of particular structures so that structures are presented consistently across figures in all chapters of the book. This continuity makes it easier for students to interpret each figure, thereby improving the clarity of the total presentation. This key shows a sampling of some of the structures that have been standardized.

Anatomical Structures

Anatomical Structures

Brain Heart Kidney i V

s Liver

Brain Heart Kidney c

Lungs i V

s Liver

Bones

Bones

Muscles

Muscles

Neurons and Neural Pathways

Sympathetic neurons

Parasympathetic neurons

Sensory neurons

Somatic motor neurons

Interneurons

Cell Organelles

Cell Organelles

Nucleus

Nucleus

Mitochondria

Plasma membrane

Plasma membrane

Golgi complex

Mitochondria

Endoplasmic reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi complex

Ribosomes

Elements and Molecular Models

Calcium C

Carbon C

Chlorine Cl

Nitrogen N

Potassium K

Sodium

In addition to updating the existing artwork to achieve more dimension and continuity, many entirely new figures have been added to the eighth edition. Despite the many figure changes, the philosophy of the art program remains the same as in previous editions: the art supports the text explanation; it does not substitute for text explanation. This allows students to learn difficult concepts by following detailed explanations, rather than by trying to decipher overly complex figures. Thus, although the newly enhanced art program attracts the eye, its purpose is not to dazzle but to better illustrate the physiological concepts described in the text.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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