The diencephalon is the part of the forebrain that contains such important structures as the thalamus, hypothalamus, and part of the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus performs numerous vital functions, most of which relate directly or indirectly to the regulation of visceral activities by way of other brain regions and the autonomic nervous system.
The diencephalon, together with the telencephalon (cerebrum) previously discussed, constitutes the forebrain and is almost completely surrounded by the cerebral hemispheres. The third ventricle is a narrow midline cavity within the diencephalon.
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Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...