Regulation of Glomerular Filtration Rate

Vasoconstriction or dilation of afferent arterioles affects the rate of blood flow to the glomerulus, and thus affects the glomerular filtration rate. Changes in the diameter of the afferent arterioles result from both extrinsic regulatory mechanisms (produced by sympathetic nerve innervation), and intrinsic regulatory mechanisms (those within the kidneys, also termed renal autoregulation). These mechanisms are needed to ensure that the GFR will be high enough to allow the kidneys to eliminate wastes and regulate blood pressure, but not so high as to cause excessive water loss.

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Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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