Related Websites

Check out the Links Library at for links to sites containing resources related to the study of body function. These links are monitored to ensure current URLs.

1Note: This question is answered in the chapter 1 Study Guide found on the Online Learning Center at

Fox: Human Physiology, I 2. Chemical Composition of I Text I © The McGraw-Hill

Eighth Edition the Body Companies, 2003


After studying this chapter, you should be able to .

1. describe the structure of an atom and define the terms atomic mass and atomic number.

2. explain how covalent bonds are formed and distinguish between nonpolar and polar covalent bonds.

3. describe the structure of an ion and explain how ionic bonds are formed.

4. describe the nature of hydrogen bonds and explain their significance.

5. describe the structure of a water molecule and explain why some compounds are hydrophilic and others are hydrophobic.

6. define the terms acid and base and explain what is meant by the pH scale.

7. explain how the pH of the blood is stabilized by bicarbonate buffer and define the terms acidosis and alkalosis.

8. describe the various types of carbohydrates and give examples of each type.

9. describe the mechanisms of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions and explain their significance.

10. state the common characteristic of lipids and describe the different categories of lipids.

11. describe how peptide bonds are formed and discuss the different orders of protein structure.

12. list some of the functions of proteins and explain why proteins can provide the specificity required to perform these functions.

13. describe the structure of DNA and RNA, and explain the law of complementary base pairing.

Fox: Human Physiology, I 2. Chemical Composition of I Text I © The McGraw-Hill

Eighth Edition the Body Companies, 2003

Summary 44 Review Activities 45 Related Websites 46

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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