No common name

Epigonichthys cultellus

ORDER

Amphioxiformes

FAMILY

Branchiostomatidae

TAXONOMY

Epigonichthys cultellus Peters, 1877, Moreton Bay, Australia.

H Epigonichthys cuiteiius H Epigonichthys iucayanus

OTHER COMMON NAMES

(Listed names were originally coined for the European species Branchiostoma lanceolatum. Because of the morphological uniformity of cephalochordates they are usually used for all species.) English: Amphioxus, lancelet; French: Amphioxus, lancelet; German: Amphioxus, Lanzettfischchen; Spanish: Anfioxo, pez lanceta, lanceta.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Gonads on right side of body only. Fifty-one (48-52) myotomes: 31 (29-36) preatriopore, 15 (13-18) atriopore to anus, 9 (9-13) postanal. Two hundred twenty (180-254) dorsal fin chambers. Reaches up to 1.6 in (40 mm) in total length.

DISTRIBUTION

Solomon Islands, Queensland, Indonesia, Philippines, western Australia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.

HABITAT

Sand and mud from about 13.12-65.6 ft (4-20 m). BEHAVIOR

Probably same as for family.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Probably same as for family.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Probably same as for family.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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