Significance to humans

Because of potentially high population numbers, fast generation times, and ability to clear waters of phytoplankton, appendicularians can have considerable effect on the food web of the pelagic environment and thus on the numbers of fish important to humans.

1. Oikopleura dioica; 2. Giant larvacean (Bathochordaeus charon); 3. Fritillaria borealis; 4. Oikopleura labradoriensis. (Illustration by Emily Damstra)

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